As most of you know, screening and brief interventions (SBIs… sometimes referred to as SBIRTs, which indicate SBI + referral [R] to treatment [T]) have been historically used for the purpose of timely substance abuse screening and treatment in primary care.
In a 2009 systematic review and meta-analysis, Kaner et al. reported that across 22 trials, patients who participated in an alcohol SBI demonstrated decreased consumption at one-year follow-up. However, this effect was only statistically significant in men. Although there are potential explanations for this finding (e.g., a smaller proportion of females vs. males who consume unhealthy levels of alcohol, social desirability associated with female vs. male consumption of alcohol), this got me thinking about RIPPLE.
What do you think? For example, there’s the possibility we may observe subgroup differences in parents of overweight and obese children vs. normal weight children, parents of females vs. males, and parents of children vs. adolescents.
- Kaner et al. The effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care settings: A systematic review. Drug and Alcohol Review 2009;28:301-323. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19489992